Stun Gun sends a series of electrical shocks to the body of a victim.
Unlike a taser gun, it doesn’t fire electric probes at distance. A person wielding the gun needs to make physical contact with the target. Under that condition, the stun gun can quickly immobilize anyone who’s on the receiving end.
This property made stun guns the weapon of choice for law enforcement officers around the globe. Women also carry them around for personal protection and self-defense.
But, many people don’t know exactly how these devices work. There are some shocking facts behind the stun gun effects on the human body and mind.
So, let’s examine the science behind how this weapon delivers its stunning electric punch.
Stun Guns 1:1
Stun gun falls into the category of electrical control devices (ECDs).
It’s a handheld, battery-powered weapon that has a simple mechanism at its core. When triggered, it presses two electrodes against the body and shoots an electric pulse. This pulse powers through our skin, soft tissues, and clothes, abducting our brain and body.
The first victim to fall to this intrusion is the nervous system.
Our nerve cells harness small quantities of electricity on a regular basis. They depend on this power source to transmit information to and from your brain.
However, our body is capable of generating electric signals of only 100 millivolts. This reminds us that in small dosages, electricity is completely harmless. The stun gun is effective because it possesses a much higher voltage, which ensures the pulse does its nasty work.
At the same time, these guns have very low amperage— just 3 milliamps. This feature prevents them from doing any lasting damage to the body. This is to say the electrical surge carries a lot of pressure but little in a way of sheer intensity.
Stun Gun Effects: The Mind Going Haywire
Nevertheless, the flood of high voltage turns out to be too much for our brain to handle.
Besieged from all sides, it loses its ability to process new information. Even if it manages to receive some signals, it has a hard time storing them in memory. But, how does the pulse overwhelm the nervous system exactly?
Well, the pulse coalesces with the information traveling via signal pathways. Think of it as trying to hear a beautiful song you regularly dance to while surrounded by a deafening noise. Since you can’t hear the tones, you find it very difficult to tell your body to move to them.
In other words, the whole communication network is severely disrupted and has to deal with confusing signals. Our neurotransmitters, the chemicals in charge of communication, can’t go about their regular duty.
Quite fascinating, isn’t it?
The Giving Up of Muscles
When the nervous system is in overload mode, the effects spread throughout the body.
On impact, the victim feels a sting of pain and that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Underneath, neurotransmitters can only do one thing— tell muscles to contract. Most often, the end result is complete or partial paralysis.
In other cases, victims feel confused and thrown off balance.
There is also one other part of the picture we don’t see. The external current can mimic our body’s own electric signals. Due to the high-voltage of the current, our muscles are told to do a tremendous amount of work.
Yet, the signal doesn’t translate as usual and fails to initiate any particular movement. Instead, this odd turmoil depletes energy reserves. The victim too weak to properly move and is effectively stunned for a while.
The good news for the victim is that the effects are temporary.
Normal brain function is restored after one hour, while the body recovers much faster. Low amperage can only seriously harm people who’ve been exposed to the shock for a prolonged period of time.
A Word of Caution
The bad news is there is a multitude of glaring exceptions.
Stun guns can even be lethal in some cases or cause brain injury and cognitive impairment. Those with underlying medical conditions, such as heart disease, are at a higher risk.
This brings us to the next point.
The effectiveness of a stun gun depends on a variety of factors. The size of the person being zapped, the duration of the attack, and the model of a gun, to name a few.
For instance, if you apply the gun for half a second, you’re not going to immobile the target. It will just be startling at worst. A pulse of two seconds, on the other hand, is enough to prompt muscle spasms.
When exposed to the jolt for more than a few seconds, the victim becomes unbalanced and disoriented. At that point, the nervous system relinquishes control of the body.
On the Safe Side
Some experts claim mental factors also play a role.
A particularly determined attacker may not be dissuaded by a stun gun so easily. He could keep on coming at you despite his body and brain begging him to lie down.
And as we’ve indicated, you should keep in mind the size. Don’t expect a hulking ruffian to collapse after just a few seconds.
That said if you want to get a stun gun for self-defense, be our guest. Just bear in mind the regulation varies from state to state. Most courts, including the Supreme Court, have denounced complete bans on possession.
They deem stun guns to be under the protection of the Second Amendment, the right to bear arms. Of course, there are some permit requirements and restrictions you need to be familiar with.
Do your homework to avoid legal hassle.
Stun in Effect
Stun gun effects are well-documented by modern science.
The device produces high-voltage, low-power charges that induce involuntary muscle contractions and assault the nervous system. They exploit the fact that our body parts use low electricity signals to communicate with each other.
Our advice is to use these devices with caution and restraint. After all, they can seriously mess up one’s brain and lead to unforeseen complications. With that in mind, it’s your right to defend yourself from any hoodlums and predators roaming around.
Browse the rest of our stun gun section to find more tips and tricks.